Jobs in Crisis Across the State, Nation as Business Shutdowns, Layoffs Soar

By Mark Schniepp 
March 23, 2020 

As the coronavirus containment measures escalate in the U.S., and around the world, including closing all schools, bars, restaurants and entertainment venues, and governors issuing shelter-in-place orders in many states, the strains on economic conditions are rapidly changing. 

It is estimated that 10 to 20 days after full lockdowns, we should observe a decline in the infections rate. That is not yet occurring as of today. There is no full lockdown yet, but I’m guessing that is forthcoming soon. 

Testing for the virus has ramped up sharply. Outside of various places like Los Angeles County, the testing policy is following that of South Korea and Singapore which produced rapid results in containing infections. 

But shelter-in-place policies and closing restaurants, bars, entertainment venues, concerts, conferences, conventions, all schools, and banning travel into the U.S. has resulted in a corresponding shutdown of the economy. Job losses due to layoffs are staggering, and have largely impacted the massive food away from home sector, hotels, airlines, trucking, fitness centers, salons, car dealers and the business support sectors. 

Initial claims for unemployment insurance, one of the earliest indicators released weekly that we can use to ascertain the labor market damage, is showing record levels of new claimants because of job loss. 

The precipitous decline in employment reduces income necessary to finance day-to-day expenditures and discretionary spending. The 33 percent freefall decline in the stock market in 19 days will cause households to further pull back on spending. 

The decline in workers and their spending, and a general decline in spending by all households because few stores are open, will necessarily push the economy into a deep contraction. 

The latest forecasts for the growth rate of GDP in 2020 Q2 by some of the principal banks and investment houses, including the UCLA Anderson Forecast, are astounding. 

And Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin reported the potential for the unemployment rate to go as high as 20 percent nationwide without government intervention in the form of economic stimulus. 

So, we are anxiously awaiting what type of stimulus package Congress will pass in the coming days that the president will sign. We will provide an updated commentary on the substance of the federal bailout program later this week. 


Amidst new policies enacted over the last two weeks, the impacts on the California economy are unprecedented, and the front-line impact is on jobs. 

Food preparation and service away from home, which is now limited to take-out and delivery, constitutes approximately 50 percent of all food consumed in the U.S. Eliminating sit-down service at virtually all restaurants, bars, cafeterias, school dormitories, concession stands and food trucks, could potentially idle up to 1.45 million jobs in California. 

Airline layoffs could impact up to 30,000 workers. We estimate as many as 165,000 hotel workers have been or will be laid off. 

Shutting down non-essential retail stores could impact 621,000 workers. And shutting down the arts, entertainment, and recreation services impacts 323,000 California workers. 

Trucking and boating will be impacted. Trucking will recover earlier as supply chains and cargo deliveries are restored at California ports. 

Many workers in non-essential industries will work from home, including many in the professional services, information services, the public sector, and education. However, administrative staff and business support services workers could be laid off with the closing or scaling back the use of office space, conferences, meetings and business events. 

Jobs in healthcare services, IT, food delivery, megastores (like Costco and Target) and some manufacturing will increase, but the gain will hardly offset the substantial losses elsewhere. 

We are entirely uncertain of how employers will implement reductions in staffing, be it with layoffs, furloughs, or as needed, but the potential for record numbers of layoffs is now present in California. And this would generate a staggering increase in the unemployment rate. 

Analysis of the initial claims for unemployment in California for the week ending March 21, 2020, show an unprecedented and spectacular increase in the estimated number of claim filings. The level for the most recent week is nearly five times the previous week ending March 14. 

The March 21 reporting is based on the number of Californians who applied for unemployment insurance last week. These numbers may be revised this week, based on California workers who successfully filed. The number of workers who were eligible to file and attempted to do so may be much larger. 

Nevertheless, it provides us a strong and early indication of the extent to which the labor market misery will be felt in California. 

If the majority of the workers from these impacted sectors are laid off, look for the unemployment rate to soar (from 3.9 percent in January) to 6 or 7 percent in April, perhaps even higher. Job loss during April could conceivably push upwards toward 1 million jobs.

Mark Schniepp is head of the Goleta-based California Economic Forecast, an economic consulting firm that produces commentary and analysis on the U.S. and California economies. The firm specializes in economic forecasts and economic impact studies, and is available to make timely, compelling, informative and entertaining economic presentations to large or small groups.   

Posted March 23, 2020. 

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